Date: 600-550 BC
Height: 20 cm
Diameter lip: 12.5 cm
Diameter bottom: 11 cm
This oinochoe was made in Bucchero, the characteristic pottery of the Etruscans. It features a trefoil rim, a high neck, and a strap-handle thickened and elevated at the edge. Its ovoid body and flared base fits Rasmussen’s Type 6a.
The vessel is well preserved, except for a circular hole on the body. This was caused by a thrust of a “knock out” or “pin,” the tool used by clandestine diggers.
The term “oinochoe” indicates the vase was used to contain wine. This is more specific than the term olpe, which comes from the Indo-European word selp, which broadly refers to the word “vase” or cruet for liquids, whether water or oil.
Oinochoi are very often found in votive deposits or among funerary objects, in association with other vases in bucchero, such as chalices, kantharoi, kotylai, etc.
This type in particular, attested in Tarquinia and S.Giovenale, has an ovoid body tending to a globular shape, a rolled or belt-looped handle that rises above the lip, and a rather expansive ring-shaped base.
It was produced in the first half of the sixth century BC.