Group of Gnathian-ware ceramics

1,000 د.إ د.إ

SKU: TT14-C114 Tag:

GROUP OF GNATHIAN-WARE CERAMICS
(2 epichyseis, 1 oinochoe)
Second half of the fourth century BC
Recovered by the Guardia di Finanza in 2014

Epichysis
Height 21 cm
Ø foot 5.8 cm

This pitcher is intact and is made with dark-orange clay. It is glazed black and over-painted with white, ochre and purple.
It has a globular body with tapering the height of the neck; a long, oblique spout and an elevated strap handle, with upper attachment flanked by a pair of lion protomes. It has a molded tronco-conical foot.
The area between the body and the foot and the exterior of the bottom are unglazed.
The decoration, over-painted in white, ochre, and purple, is arranged in registers close together, separated by incised horizontal lines. At the base of the neck circle of ochre dots, followed by two incised lines close together. Next, a register of ovules rendered in an approximate manner, appears above a wavy line with dotted pattern. Then, after two more incised lines close together, a tympanum motif, rendered with a decisive line alternating with ochre and purple paint. The painted background of this register features another dotted pattern in ochre that evokes small triangles. The decoration of the body continues with a light meander pattern rendered with white and ochre painting, appearing between a double pair of incised lines. A line of ochre dots introduces the principal decorative register, consisting of the classic pergola with central branch, rendered with a horizontal band in purple, from which tendrils, leaves and grape bunches – in a close sequence – are depicted, made vivid in the right half with ochre glaze. Next, in this highly decorated container, whose name refers to the function of “pouring liquids”, is another band of ochre dots and – between a double pair of incised lines – a motif analogous to the one present next to the neck, with ovules, supported by a wavy line with dots at the base. The decoration of the body ends with another line of dots, in this case rendered in a more brilliant ochre color. The decoration of this pitcher, particularly close to that present on an epichysis of the Costantini di Fiesole collection (attributed to the Gruppo dell’Arpa di Napoli, subgroup NHE of Webster), finds a series of comparisons in other epichyseis such as the VF 546 in Frankfurt or one in Hamburg.

Epichysis
Height 20 cm
Ø foot 5 cm

The neck and handle are restored from fragments (there is chipping near the two glued parts). The spout and foot are intact. It is made of dark-orange clay. There is over-painted decoration with widespread gaps. It is glazed black (with drips), along with white, ochre and purple. Burns from firing defects are present on much of the surface.
The pitcher has a globular body with tapering the height of the neck; a long, oblique spout; an elevated strap handle, with upper attachment flanked by a pair of lion protomes. It has a molded tronco-conical foot.
The area between the body and the foot and the exterior of the bottom are unglazed.
The decoration is over-painted in white, ochre and purple, and is arranged in registers separated by incised horizontal lines. At the base of the neck are vertical white sections, followed by an incised line and by a band of ovules rendered in an approximate manner. Next, between two lines incised close together, is a continuous line of white painting that terminates near the attachment of the handle. Finally, a line of dots that precedes the principal decoration of the body, which consists of a branch rendered with a small horizontal band in purple from which the tendrils, leaves, and grape bunches, made vivid in the left half with ochre glaze, are depicted.

Oinochoe
Height 12 cm
Ø foot 3.34 cm

This pitcher is intact. It is made of dark-orange clay and is glazed in black. It has over-painting in white and ochre. A burn from a firing defect is present on the middle part of the body, next to the attachment of the handle. The pitcher has a globular body, a cylindrical neck, a trefoil mouth, a strap handle, and ring-foot. The area between the body and the foot and the exterior of the bottom are unglazed. The over-painted decoration in white and ochre is present only in the area of the neck and the upper part of the body, consisting of a double line of ochre paint, followed by a line of dots, alternating in ochre and white, from which hang tendrils, leaves and grape-bunches in white glaze, made vivid with ochre glaze.

Massimo Rossi

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