Second half of the third century – fifth century CE
Height 101 cm
rim 13 cm
The amphora, of Type Keay XXVB, is almost completely intact, with its peg toe being the only part missing. It is of an orange-pink color and has traces of discoloration on the neck and shoulder and where the vase narrows near the peg toe. Mollusk encrustations can be found due to its time spent in marine water. The presence of a textile material of an intense grey color, used to cover or conserve the amphora after its discovery, can also be found.
The amphora is characterized by its truncated neck surmounted by a rim “a corolla”, flared and clearly distinguishable from the rest of the amphora. It features ear-shaped handles with an ovoid section, and the body is cylindrical.
The proposed date for this amphora is somewhere between the second half of the third century AD and the fifth century AD. This hypothetical date takes into account the date of the Lavezzi VI shipwreck in Corsica, coming from Sétif, stratigraphic evidence from the Circus of Maxentius in Rome dating from the fourth century, and material published regarding similar pieces found in the necropolis of Tarragona.
According to the scholars A. Carandini and C. Panella, the production of these amphorae can be located in the North African region of Byzacena, probably in the zone of Thaenae. Even though we lack the necessary information to determine the content of the amphorae, we can hypothesize that it was almost certainly olive oil, if we take into account the productive and economical character of Byzacena in the fourth century CE.